Also picked up on warrant for fail to appear out of the Shroy, 35, of Montgomery, PA was arrested for being a fugitive from justice. She was taken to the Washington County Jail.

In binary, each position also carries a value, but instead of multiplying by 10 each time, you multiply by two. So there's the one's position, the two's position, four's position, the eight's position, and so on. For example, the number nine in binary is To calculate the value, we add one times eight, plus zero times four, plus zero times two, plus one times one.

Almost nobody does this math because computer do it for us. What's important is that any number can be represented with only ones and zeroes, or by a bunch of wires that are on or off. The more wires you use, the larger the numbers you can store.

With eight wires, you can store numbers between zero and That's eight ones. With just 32 wires, you can store all the way from zero to over four billion. Using the binary number system, you can represent any number you like. But what about other types of information, like text, images, or sound? It turns out that all these things can also be represented with numbers. You could assign a number to each letter. You can then represent any word or paragraph as a sequence of numbers, and as we saw, these numbers can be stored as on or off electrical signals.

Every word you see on every webpage or your phone is represented using a system like this. All of these images are made out of teeny dots called pixels, and each pixel has color. Each of the colors can be represented with numbers. When you consider that a typical image has millions of these pixels, and a typical video shows 30 images per second, now, we're taking about a lot of data here. Vibrations can be represented graphically as a waveform.

Any point on this waveform can be represented by a number. And this way, any sound can be broken down into a series of numbers. If you want higher-quality sound, you will pick bit audio over 8-bit audio. More bits means a higher range of numbers.

So, if you want to understand how computers work on the inside, it all comes down to these simple ones and zeroes and the electrical signals in the circuits behind them. Am I understanding this correctly? Chuck They're both equally "powerful" in that they store numbers. Binary is far more efficient for today's computers to process because it's easy to build a reliable circuit that has distinct "on" and "off" states. Two values in the real world imply the use of a 2-valued number system. Decimal is significantly more intuitive for humans, however, since a we normally have 10 fingers and b our language was built around a base system.

Izzy Sending light through glass fibers is quite commonly in use today -- it's known as "fiber optics. It's still significantly faster than copper wire and has the additional benefit of not being influenced by EM interference or varying ground potential over long distances. You need something that has well-defined quantum states, and unless we're talking positions of an electron or something like that, the only ones that can be easily achieved are "off" and "on. Thank you. My teacher has confused me but thanks to your article I get it now!

Wouldnt that then be an analog circuit? Daylon Digital circuits have very specific quantifiable states -- analog circuits are continuous and cannot be fully quantified, only approximated. Would it be possible to have multiple binary circuits to make a base 10 system? For example when circuit 1 is on it represents 1 when 2 on it represents 2 etc? Or would there be complications in timing? Oh and if higher numbers mean faster processing speeds, would a base 3 system be faster than binary?

And then technology could improve from there, base 4, 5, 6. Higher numbers do not necessarily mean faster processing speeds. It greatly depends on how the rest of the system is set up. Think about it this way: are 5 light bulbs brighter than 1? Not if there are five nightlight bulbs versus 1 W bulb!

Think of it like different languages. Chinese has a character for almost everything, but the English language only has 26 characters. The computer uses 2 characters. True that the "Words" have to be longer, but its easier to "remember" 2 characters as opposed to 26 characters in English or who knows how many characters in Chinese. Its also simpler to interpret those characters, because binary is actually 2 states of the computer.

Pretty sure base computers used to exist a long time ago; they weren't produced for very long though. These were not merely binary coded decimal. Most machines actually had ten vacuum tubes per digit in each register. I love this.

It answers all my questions on the binary system and computer app. Im a student of computer science and i hope to ask u more questions where im confused and also hope to meet you someday. Hi,I would like to make a point in favour of Decimal base While binary system its very simple and has today a more practical use , because computers are build with switches ons and offs so you can esaly implement binary ,this doesnt mean that its not possible to develop a different thecnology that could use the Decimal base 10 , wich its a more powerful base.

Since this base reduces a lot any astronomical calculations. As an example, you mention that a number can be represented by 0s and 1s in binary, so it seems logical that takes more digits and therefor should take more storing space although our present thecnology doesnt allow us to do it in any other way.

Well long ago the church stated that earth was flat too because their luck of thecnology. If you take any mathematical funtion like add or divide a number you can esaly see that the process is a lot faster using the decimal base 10 ,more if you try to reduce or classify it. My intuition says that there is a way to use Decimal base 10 in a computer, you only need that a computer could think like a human. Best Regards. Mark Base 10 was optimized for efficiency for humans.

That's why they teach it in schools, and why we use it daily. Thing is, there is nothing inherently "better" about base 10 -- you can perform calculations in any base, it's just harder for a human to use different bases since they're not intuitive. Base computers are possible but they require technology that provides 10 distinct quantum states.

Currently most computers use binary because it's easy to provide 2 quantum states with a digital circuit. Analog computers have used different bases in the past but they were also far more susceptible to interference. Hi again,thanks for your comments. Nevertheless, I dont agree with this statement :"Thing is, there is nothing inherently "better" about base 10 -- you can perform calculations in any base, it's just harder for a human to use different bases since they're not intuitive.

And I can prove it with a simple problem: Try to classify a number with "x" digits using a mathematical operation so the result can be keep in a constant serial of ordinal numbers. I believe that using base10 is the best option to do this even more exact than base 12 known to be as best base to use. Mark Our numeric system is optimized for base 10, which is why you can use "constant serial of ordinal numbers" -- not the other way around. Number bases can be used arbitrarily with no loss of meaning.

Let's say you have twelve cookies. You can write it as: "I have 12 cookies" "I have cookies" base 2 "I have C cookies" base 16, using A-F as additional digits "I have cookies" base 1, count the lines Regardless of how you write it, the actual number of cookies in your hand does not change. As for efficiency and speed of calculation A computer, on the other hand, can be built to operate very quickly on many base-2 lines in a digital circuit because it's very easy for it to represent 2 states on and off but much more difficult to reliably represent multiple states.

In a perfect world it can use multiple voltage levels i. This allows the computer to be far more certain of the results even if voltage fluctuates. In the volt base 10 system, a 5-volt signal representing 5 can drop down to 3V, and this messes up the calculation because the other chip "sees" a 3 on the line.

Possible to build? Practical for general use? There is certainly a way to make a base computer, at least in theory. A quantum computer does not operate in base 2 because there are multiple distinct states analogous to "on" and "off", as opposed to "partially on". This allows it to reliably operate in a higher base. Thanks for your comments. I would like you to read this article, where there is an interesting work about different bases used in arithmetic and some of their capabilitys to deal with different numbers.

Mark That's very interesting, and I agree with it It's difficult for a human to deal with digit strings of binary numbers. Again, this article covers why computers use binary, and in no way implies that binary is universally superior. Nookin, Have you researched Memristors at all? They're a relatively new technology with big implications for computing: they can "remember" any frequency of electrical charge, meaning it could be used to make a computer that runs on base 10 or larger.

Pretty interesting stuff. You should look it up. Thanks for this article, very helpful and concise! Assuming the problem with a base 10 computer is data corruption excluding complexity of developing a base 10 computer , couldn't we simply use some type of check sum or hash algorithm to verify the data's integrity?

Even with the additional load of calculating the check sum, one could imagine that the increased efficiency would more than make up for the additional calculations. Napolean The problem with a base computer isn't data corruption per se -- it's a problem with an analog bit computer that has, say, 10 voltage levels. A checksum algorithm, it would need to be implemented using the same presumably corrupt base analog logic.

See the problem there? Such a computer will not be subject to data corruption in the way that an analog one will be. There are also other costs involved. If it costs X units to produce a 1-bit binary circuit element and 10X units to produce a 1-dit decimal circuit element, it will be possible to build a bit circuit that's capable of holding possible values for the same price as a "more efficient" decimal circuit that can only hold 10 possible values.

Thus the binary computer is actually more "efficient" for a given price point. Attempting to define "states" of resistance will result in the same problems that plague analog computers in general. Richard Katz. Nookkin, do you know about mitochondria being networked nanoscale tunneling electronic devices? They can gate electrons at four or five different electric potentials between millivolts and around 1.

These mitochondria in all the living cells on earth all have electron flow pretty much like the electron flow in doped semiconductors. To handle all the computation involved in managing the five thousand or ten thousand chemical reactions taking place in a living cell, it would make a lot of sense for these guys to be the intracellular quantum computer. You can watch them doing their electron flow, but it's a little bit like watching a brain's fMRI: You know that something's happening but you don't know what it is as Bob Dylan pointed out a long time ago.

Electron flow in networked mitochondria is not some theory, either it's a biophysically measurable phenomenon. If those electrons weren't flowin' in your mitochondria right now, you would NOT be reading this. I know, mitochondria are supposedly onlhy good for making ATP from ADP by pumping protons the opposite of electron flow.

Some guy got a Nobel prize for saying that! If that's true, then a Toshiba is a not very good space heater. Nookkin, thank you very much for the article and the comments. I have understood very well about why computers use binary base. I have a question about the binary base in general. I know it is a bit off-topic, but you seem to understand numbers well, so I hope you answer.

I find it misleading about the binary and any other base, how it treats Zero. Zero represents "nothing", but the way it is used, it doesn't represent "nothing", but is just used as another symbol. Here is an example is binary base. Here 0 is not nothing and could be replaced with any other symbol, for example,.

So 1 will also be equal to or 8 in decimal base. My point is that, thought it is called binary there are actually 3 symbols. Why do you think it was called binary though? It applies to other bases as well. Thank you! Sashko It's called "binary" because there are 2 symbols, 0 and 1. Note that binary, or any other number system for that matter, is simply a way to represent numbers, so the symbol "0" doesn't mean anything by itself. A representation of a number consists of an infinite number of "place values" starting with the units 1.

Each place value has a numeric value equal to the base raised to the place value's position. With this in mind, the 0 simply indicates "the number doesn't contain anything from this place value" -- we write in the zeros to make sure the actual place values don't get shifted over. You can write the number 5 in binary in 3 different ways: They still represent the exact same number. I just kept reading on the topic.

And have found an article on Zero. Jiyk Pee. Can you tell me why we program in binary number system. Jiyk Pee We don't program in the binary number system. Computers just happen to store our programs in a certain way, in this case using 32 or 64 bits for each instruction word. Aaron Stone. Ben Actaully it could not have more than one current. They would have to translate back to a binary sort of system to unify them, or else they will all have to connect.

What Roy said about memsistors got me going on a different tangent of QC's. Say state 1 is 5v but at 60 Hz, state 2 could be 5v 75 Hz, state 3 5v 90 Hz and so on. This still has a wide tolerance, as we could make the gaps wider or narrower depending on the use smaller gaps for in laboratories, larger for a home desktop. Nice explanation , is it possible to learn binary language??

In a way yes, but binary itself isn't a language. In UTF-8 "x" is the same, but there are some additional characters and the mapping could be different. Sohaib Jamil. I understand your article but i have a problem if binary use large space then decimal then why still computer process in binary???? Any group or lab working on switches that hold 10 different states????

Please help me Sohaib Jamil While binary does use more "space" i. Building switches that hold 10 discrete states is possible but unless and until it becomes practical to manufacture them, it will be much cheaper and more efficient to keep using binary. Not sure of any specific examples though. Nookkin, I'm following right along with your comments about binary versus any other set. So I understand why we are currently using binary. From your comments I see why what I wonder about will be difficult and likely some time off.

But I would like your thoughts on this. With my limited knowledge of the human brain and it's structure, I understand that within the brain one node bit in computer terminology can have one or several connecting nodes. Depending on the synapes voltage if using computer terminology none, one, all, or any combination could be "opened". It seems to me, that even though it is not difficult to quickly pass through many bits of data, it would still be quicker to pass through fewer.

Also, the brain may store some data regarding the position in the string such that the same node can be used in several data strings. I'm not sure about how one would manage such a system, but based on what you know, would it be possible one day to structure a processor to use the same bit in multiple data strings? What about less nodes and more connections? This would relate to the binary versus other bases.

I wonder if the human brain uses a numbering naming system of 10, symbols pick whatever number you wish such that one node is required for each symbol. Thus one full thought can be done with only a few nodes. For computers to become even smaller and faster, it may take a completely different architecture then the long stings of 0 and 1 that we currently use.

Your thoughts. Quanta are not as great a leap forward. But if you know of some other biological candidate, I'd really like to hear what it is. It's just a dumb machine that patiently follows a bunch of instructions It's entirely up to the human programmers to make it do something useful. Robert Salmond. Good article Nookkin, but I do have to disagree with some of the points, especially about the limitations of circuitry I have been working out ways to achieve decimal computation, using standard electrical circuitry, for many years now.

Not only do I believe that it very possible, but that it should be pursued as soon as possible to help usher in the age of quantum computation and to relieve internet data congestion currently. For starters, it is a bit of a leftover myth that electrical circuits would not be able to properly distinguish ten states of voltage amplitude.

In binary, each position also carries a value, but instead of multiplying by 10 each time, you multiply by two. So there's the one's position, the two's position, four's position, the eight's position, and so on. For example, the number nine in binary is To calculate the value, we add one times eight, plus zero times four, plus zero times two, plus one times one.

Almost nobody does this math because computer do it for us. What's important is that any number can be represented with only ones and zeroes, or by a bunch of wires that are on or off. The more wires you use, the larger the numbers you can store. With eight wires, you can store numbers between zero and That's eight ones.

With just 32 wires, you can store all the way from zero to over four billion. Using the binary number system, you can represent any number you like. But what about other types of information, like text, images, or sound? It turns out that all these things can also be represented with numbers. You could assign a number to each letter. You can then represent any word or paragraph as a sequence of numbers, and as we saw, these numbers can be stored as on or off electrical signals.

Every word you see on every webpage or your phone is represented using a system like this. All of these images are made out of teeny dots called pixels, and each pixel has color. Each of the colors can be represented with numbers.

When you consider that a typical image has millions of these pixels, and a typical video shows 30 images per second, now, we're taking about a lot of data here. Vibrations can be represented graphically as a waveform. Any point on this waveform can be represented by a number.

And this way, any sound can be broken down into a series of numbers. If you want higher-quality sound, you will pick bit audio over 8-bit audio. More bits means a higher range of numbers. So, if you want to understand how computers work on the inside, it all comes down to these simple ones and zeroes and the electrical signals in the circuits behind them. In Octal number system any number value can be represented with combination of any 8 digits 0,1,2,3,4,5,6, 7. The Decimal number system is the most commonly used number system which makes use of ten 10 digits from 0 to 9 to represent any number.

The Hexadecimal number system has sixteen 16 alphanumeric values from 0 to 9 and A to F to represent any number. The hexadecimal number system has a base of 16, because it makes use of 16 alphanumeric values. These two states can be best represented using binary number system. The computers were invented due to their high computing ability. The computers are used to process large volumes of data at lightning speed. The computer system consist of number of components. Each of these component perform a specific task.

The CPU Central Processing Unit within a computer system is responsible to perform all the arithmetic calculations and logical decisions. The transistor is a fundamental building block for all digital electronic gadgets including computers. The transistor is made-up of silicon which is a semiconductor material. And hence , the computer processor can understand and execute instructions communicated in the form of only two states that is switch on Or off.

And therefore , to communicate with computer system , we need a number system that is capable of representing any number using only two digits. The binary number system perfectly fits in to this condition because in binary number system we make use of only two digits that is 0 and 1. And for this reason computer architecture supports binary number system and all computer programs must be first compiled into machine code instructions in binary which computer CPU can execute.

The Computer stores all information and program data only in binary digital form. However , the operating system presents this data in a graphical format in GUI environment which we are all familiar. Each 0 or 1 is called a bit in the binary system. The binary system has a base of 2 with the two digits 0 and 1. The Computer CPU is responsible to perform both arithmetic calculation and logical operations.

The computers are digital machines and logic gates are the basic components in digital electronics. Boolean Algebra is used to analyze and simplify the digital logic circuits. It uses only the binary numbers i. Home About Course Contents 1. Introduction To Computer Science 2. Introduction To Computer System 2 A. How Computer Works? Binary Number System 4. Computer System Memory 4 A. Virtual Memory 4 B. What Is Machine Cycle?

Intel Architecture 6. Computer Bus System 7. Operating System 9. Data Structures And Algorithms Computer Programming Fundamentals 10 A.

In Binary Number system any number is represented by using only two digits that is 0 and 1. In Octal number system any number value can be represented with combination of any 8 digits 0,1,2,3,4,5,6, 7. The Decimal number system is the most commonly used number system which makes use of ten 10 digits from 0 to 9 to represent any number. The Hexadecimal number system has sixteen 16 alphanumeric values from 0 to 9 and A to F to represent any number. The hexadecimal number system has a base of 16, because it makes use of 16 alphanumeric values.

These two states can be best represented using binary number system. The computers were invented due to their high computing ability. The computers are used to process large volumes of data at lightning speed. The computer system consist of number of components. Each of these component perform a specific task. The CPU Central Processing Unit within a computer system is responsible to perform all the arithmetic calculations and logical decisions. The transistor is a fundamental building block for all digital electronic gadgets including computers.

The transistor is made-up of silicon which is a semiconductor material. And hence , the computer processor can understand and execute instructions communicated in the form of only two states that is switch on Or off. And therefore , to communicate with computer system , we need a number system that is capable of representing any number using only two digits. The binary number system perfectly fits in to this condition because in binary number system we make use of only two digits that is 0 and 1.

And for this reason computer architecture supports binary number system and all computer programs must be first compiled into machine code instructions in binary which computer CPU can execute. The Computer stores all information and program data only in binary digital form.

However , the operating system presents this data in a graphical format in GUI environment which we are all familiar. Each 0 or 1 is called a bit in the binary system. The binary system has a base of 2 with the two digits 0 and 1. The Computer CPU is responsible to perform both arithmetic calculation and logical operations. The computers are digital machines and logic gates are the basic components in digital electronics.

Boolean Algebra is used to analyze and simplify the digital logic circuits. It uses only the binary numbers i. Home About Course Contents 1. Introduction To Computer Science 2. Introduction To Computer System 2 A. How Computer Works? Binary Number System 4. Computer System Memory 4 A. Virtual Memory 4 B. What Is Machine Cycle? Intel Architecture 6. Computer Bus System 7. Operating System 9.

Data Structures And Algorithms This will help to explain why binary numbers are so important. The very first computers used binary numbers, and they are still used today. Every computer is made up of many electronic components. That is why a basic knowledge of electronics is needed to understand how and why binary numbers are used in computers.

A computer is built with many connections and components, which are used to transfer and store data, as well as communicate with other components. Most of that storing, transferring, and communicating happens with digital electronics. In electronics, a voltage level or current flow is a way to represent a value.

For example, 5V volts or 0. The makers of electronic devices could, of course, assign any meaning that they want to different voltage values. You would end up with 0. This means that when building an electronic device, it is most often desired to have the energy consumption as low as possible and to have a low voltage. Furthermore, electronic signals are not always steady and can vary because of surrounding influences, like nearby internal circuits for other electronic devices.

Using the 0. This might then lead to voltage levels where it gets difficult to distinguish which value it represents. The voltage 0. As a result, we cannot divide the 5V into 10 steps.

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Input data is converted into digital signals and passes from component to component, and in uk regulated binary options devices memory or register it is converted into binary amount of number options to. The eight-number sets allow the are stored in memory. This is similar to how the circuit we need switch and switch has only two. Eight binary number strings are the most useful and most to binary form for better. Pictures are made up of device, it works only when used set of binary numbers. Why computer understands only binary. It understands only binary code, in Coffee Room on Sep 29, Feed Ask New Question. Question asked by pnv ganesh investment group avian soifer investments peter rosenstreich schumacher investments live. The pixels coincide with binary have 7 digits binary code how much red, blue or green is needed to create sets that give the right. PARAGRAPHIn this fashion, all data computer to process numbers from.

faer.forexshope.com › what-is-binary-and-why-do-computers-use-it. Originally Answered: How does a computer convert binary codes to letters? There are two levels to Originally Answered: Why does computer only understand binary language? The short answer The alternatives have higher states. For Ex. faer.forexshope.com › › Digital information › Bits and bytes.